Over the past few years, the appearance of smartphones has not really changed. They were becoming thinner, more productive and more functional. Over time, almost all models have become similar to each other, and their functionality is close, if we talk about devices in an equal price category. What is waiting for phones in the future, what will change and how?

In principle, now it is difficult to predict any changes in the hardware, especially those that affect the speed of the phone. As for functionality, it is also quite difficult to predict something here. We can say with confidence that nothing new will “grow up” in the near future. But one trend can be traced explicitly – these are qualitative changes of such an important element as the camera, as well as related hardware and software components.

And it’s not about building up megapixels – there is no special meaning in this. First of all, we are talking about how the camera can help us in everyday life. Now many applications are attached to it. For example, there are programs that help you understand whether you buy a good or bad wine right now in the store. Or those that scan the departure barcode with further analysis of the tracking. It is not unusual to translate “on the fly” restaurant menu into your native language.

Augmented reality will probably play an important role in the future. For example, using a camera, you can place a virtual coffee table in the middle of the room and see how it will look in the room. Or check what color the parquet is suitable for the new wallpaper.

In addition, we can assume that applications for mobile devices will soon learn to scan three-dimensional objects. The same corporation Apple announced a whole range of new smartphones, including a premium model, just capable of scanning 3D objects, including the face of the owner. The same can do and a bunch of camera + application Samsung Note 8. Not for nothing in some models of devices is no longer one camera lens, but two.

“2018 will be the year when the phone camera will make a qualitative leap in its development,” said a representative of Qualcomm. Other experts agree with him, who believe that in the near future we will be able to use the opportunities of augmented reality in the most active way. Already, there are many toys that are based on augmented reality. But these are not only games, augmented reality can be very useful in solving a wide range of problems in industry, science, military affairs. And in everyday life, augmented reality may well come in handy.

Face Scan

The last few years, manufacturers have actively built dactyloscopic scanners into their phones. In many cases, users liked it all, because touching the sensor allowed you to turn on the phone or confirm the performance of a function. But now, most likely, it will be no longer a fingerprint, but a “face print”. In the sense that the phone will scan the face of the person who is looking at the display, and if this person is on the list of allowed users, the phone is unlocked.

Again, one of the first to introduce this feature into their devices is Apple. Perhaps, thanks to the fact that in 2013 , the company acquired PrimeSense , a company that previously developed sensors for Microsoft Kinect.

How does it all work? You can explain the example of Spectra, a system from Qualcomm.

Part of this system is a module that generates infrared radiation. And not just so, the sensor emits rays that fall on different points of the user’s face. The sensor senses the feedback and reacts accordingly. Well, for example, evaluates the removal of the person’s face from the tap or the shape of various parts of the face. The phone’s software can make up a three-dimensional face map that will fall into the base, much like it does with fingerprints. Usually it is a question of creating a mathematical model of the analyzed object, and not that, in fact, the photo will be stored somewhere there, in the phone’s memory. From the point of view of information security, the last case is carelessness, which will untie the hands of hackers of all stripes.

As for the identification of a particular person, this is not so difficult to do, since the faces of all people, even twins, are unique. And, since the new systems will work with 3D objects, tricks like using people’s photos (remember the first part of the “Terminator” when the robot incinerated the photo instead of the real person?) Will not pass. A cast of a face can still be (although in order to say something definite about it, analysis is needed). But the photograph is not.

Augmented Reality

3D cameras can be the key to further development of the technology of augmented reality. Now many developers create applications of this kind. The heads of technological corporations claim that the prospects for augmented reality are vast. This fall, Apple will release the final release of iOS 11, which will support ARKit. And this means that developers can easily create applications of augmented reality.

ARKit uses motion sensors and a phone camera, including an accelerometer and a gyroscope. Thanks to this, the user can not only see the objects of virtual reality on the phone’s display, but also interact with them